Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits

Bananas comprise fiber as nicely as vitamins and minerals that may possibly present overall health rewards.

Bananas are amongst the most critical food stuff crops on the world.

They appear from a household of crops identified as Musa that are native to Southeast Asia and developed in many of the warmer locations of the entire world.

Bananas are a wholesome source of fiber, potassium, vitamin B6, vitamin C, and a variety of antioxidants and phytonutrients.

Many sorts and sizes exist. Their shade commonly ranges from green to yellow, but some varieties are crimson.

This article tells you every little thing you need to know about bananas.

The diet specifics for 1 medium-sized banana (100 grams) are (1):

  • Calories: 89
  • H2o: 75%
  • Protein: 1.1 grams
  • Carbs: 22.8 grams
  • Sugar: 12.2 grams
  • Fiber: 2.6 grams
  • Fat: .3 grams


Bananas are a wealthy resource of carbs, which manifest primarily as starch in unripe bananas and sugars in ripe bananas.

The carb composition of bananas modifications substantially for the duration of ripening.

The main part of unripe bananas is starch. Inexperienced bananas include up to 80% starch measured in dry weight.

Through ripening, the starch is transformed into sugars and finishes up being considerably less than 1% when the banana is thoroughly ripe (2).

The most typical kinds of sugar in ripe bananas are sucrose, fructose, and glucose. In ripe bananas, the whole sugar content material can access additional than 16% of the clean weight (2).

Bananas have a comparatively low glycemic index (GI) of 42–58, dependent on their ripeness. The GI is a measure of how quickly carbs in food stuff enter your bloodstream and elevate blood sugar (3).

Bananas’ large articles of resistant starch and fiber explains their lower GI.


A high proportion of the starch in unripe bananas is resistant starch, which passes by means of your intestine undigested.

In your large intestine, this starch is fermented by germs to form butyrate, a quick-chain fatty acid that seems to have valuable consequences on intestine wellbeing (4).

Bananas are also a very good resource of other types of fiber, this sort of as pectin. Some of the pectin in bananas is water-soluble.

When bananas ripen, the proportion of h2o-soluble pectin increases, which is a single of the key motives why bananas change soft as they age (5).

Each pectin and resistant starch average the increase in blood sugar immediately after a meal.


Bananas are predominantly composed of carbs. Unripe bananas may incorporate good quantities of resistant starch, which features like fiber, aiding your gut and promoting healthier blood sugar concentrations.

Bananas are a fantastic source of several vitamins and minerals, especially potassium, vitamin B6, and vitamin C (1).

  • Potassium. Bananas are a excellent resource of potassium. A food plan significant in potassium can reduced blood stress in persons with elevated levels and rewards coronary heart wellbeing (6).
  • Vitamin B6. Bananas are higher in vitamin B6. A single medium-sized banana can provide up to 33% of the Everyday Worth (DV) of this vitamin.
  • Vitamin C. Like most fruit, bananas are a excellent resource of vitamin C.


Bananas include a quantity of natural vitamins and minerals in good quantities. These consist of potassium and natural vitamins B6 and C.

Fruits and vegetables have several sorts of bioactive plant compounds, and bananas are no exception.

  • Dopamine. Although it is an critical neurotransmitter in your mind, dopamine from bananas does not cross the blood-brain barrier to impact temper. Rather, it functions as an antioxidant (7).
  • Catechin. Various antioxidant flavonoids are discovered in bananas, most notably catechins. They have been linked to various wellbeing benefits, such as a diminished threat of heart sickness (8, 9).


Like other fruits, bananas include numerous healthful anti-oxidants, which are responsible for lots of of their well being benefits. These involve dopamine and catechin.

Bananas boast a amount of health and fitness positive aspects.

Heart wellness

Heart disorder is the world’s most widespread result in of untimely dying.

Bananas are superior in potassium, a mineral that encourages heart wellbeing and typical blood pressure. A single medium-sized banana has around .4 grams of this mineral.

In accordance to a significant analysis of several reports, every day consumption of 1.3–1.4 grams of potassium is connected to a 26% lessen chance of coronary heart disorder (10).

In addition, bananas contain antioxidant flavonoids also related with a significant reduce in coronary heart ailment possibility (11).

Digestive wellbeing

Unripe, green bananas consist of appreciable quantities of resistant starch and pectin, which are types of nutritional fiber.

Resistant starch and pectins act as prebiotic nutrition, supporting the development of advantageous gut microbes.

In your gut, these fibers are fermented by valuable microbes that sort butyrate, a small-chain fatty acid that encourages gut overall health (12, 13).


Bananas may be beneficial for coronary heart wellbeing owing to their high degrees of potassium and antioxidants. What is much more, their resistant starch and pectins may perhaps encourage colon well being.

There are mixed viewpoints on whether bananas are good for persons with form 2 diabetic issues.

It is real that bananas are substantial in starch and sugar. Therefore, one might anticipate them to trigger a substantial increase in blood sugar.

But because of to their small GI, average use of bananas should really not raise blood sugar stages virtually as significantly as other superior-carb meals.

That reported, people with diabetic issues should really stay away from taking in a whole lot of well-ripened bananas. It’s always most effective to keep an eye on blood sugar degrees carefully just after consuming high amounts of of sugar and carbs.

On a diverse notice, some research reveal that this fruit is a chance issue for constipation, though some others assert that bananas might have the reverse result (14, 15).

When eaten in moderation, bananas do not have any significant adverse consequences.


Bananas are frequently deemed healthier. Nevertheless, folks with variety 2 diabetic issues ought to keep away from a higher intake of effectively-ripened bananas.

Bananas are between the world’s most typically consumed fruits.

Generally composed of carbs, they contain first rate quantities of quite a few natural vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Potassium, vitamin C, catechin, and resistant starch are among their healthy nutrients.

Bananas may have many added benefits — together with enhanced heart and digestive wellness — when consumed regularly as a part of a balanced way of living.